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Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

 

What is Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
It’s a thought disorder, in which a thought, impulse or image are inappropriately persistent and recurrent in the mind of a person.
When these persistent thoughts lead to repetitive behaviors, then it becomes a compulsion.
Examples of OCD- hand washing, hoarding behavior, compulsive cleaning, compulsive eating, compulsive shopping, gambling, addictions, masturbation addiction, pornography addiction.

What are the symptoms?
1. When the problem has been present for more than 6months.
2. A person experiences obsessions that are defined by one or more of the following:

a) recurrent and persistent thoughts, impulses, or images that are experienced, at some time during the disturbance, as intrusive and inappropriate and that cause marked anxiety or distress
b) the thoughts, impulses, or images are not simply excessive worries about real-life problems
c) the person attempts to ignore or suppress such thoughts, impulses, or images, or to neutralize them with some other thought or action
d) the person recognizes that the obsessional thoughts, impulses, or images are a product of his or her own mind (not imposed from without as in thought insertion)
3. Along with the above mentioned thought problem, a person might be compelled to do certain actions, defined by one or more of the following:

a) repetitive behaviors (e.g., hand washing, ordering, checking, eating, shopping, drinking) or mental acts (e.g., praying, counting, repeating words silently) that the person feels driven to perform in response to an obsession, or according to rules that must be applied rigidly
b) the behaviors or mental acts are aimed at preventing or reducing distress or preventing some dreaded event or situation; however, these behaviors or mental acts either are not connected in a realistic way with what they are designed to neutralize or are clearly excessive
4. At some point during the course of the disorder, the person has recognized that the obsessions or compulsions are excessive or unreasonable.
5. The obsessions or compulsions cause marked distress, are time consuming (take more than 1 hour a day), or significantly interfere with the person's normal routine, occupational (or academic) functioning, or usual activities or relationships.

How is OCD cured?
I look towards the cure of OCD through an interaction of various holistic techniques:
a. Psychotherapy- using CBT (cognitive behavioral therapy), REBT, NLP (neuro-linguistic programming)
b. Meditative Techniques- Yoga, Hypnosis, Self-hypnosis, guided thought control
c. Alternative Medications – Ayurveda, Homeopathy
d. Modern Medications- New age, non-sedative, non-addictive medications.




 

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