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Postpartum Depression

 

What is postpartum depression?
It’s clinical depression beginning within 6 weeks following childbirth.

What are the symptoms?
For two or more, a female who has recently given childbirth shows 4 or more of the following symptoms:
• Feelings of sadness, hopelessness or gloom.
• Appetite and weight loss.
• Sleep disturbances or frightening dreams.
• Loss of energy or constant fatigue.
• Slow speech and thought.
• Frequent headaches and other physical discomfort.
• Confusion about one's ability to improve life.

CAUSES –
a. Failure to adjust to stress and change in lifestyle.
b. Previous presence of clinical depression
c. Dependent or Anxious personality traits
d. Lack of family or social support.

Risk increases with-
• Stress.
• Lack of sleep.
• Poor nutrition.
• Lack of support from one's partner, family or friends.
• Pre-existing neurosis or psychosis.

How to prevent it?
In individuals who are genetically predisposed, it cannot be prevented, but can be minimized with rest, an adequate diet and a strong emotional support system.

How to Treat it?
A. Emphasis on self-care
B. Psychotherapy or counseling
C. Hospitalization if neglect results in harm to the newborn baby.
D. Medications should be avoided.


 

 

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